Climate Change and Architectural Practice in Nigeria

CLIMATE CHANGE AND ARCHITECTURAL PRACTICE:

ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS IN NIGERIA.

Presented   by

ARC. WOLE  ADEBAYO, M.arch, mnia.

CEO .PRODEU LTD.

 Tel:08067170751   e-mail: arcwoleadebayo@gmail.com.

At Town and Gown lecture series of

Department of Architecture, College of technology, Covenant University Idi-Iroko Rd. Ota Ogun State Nigeria on

January   28th 2016

INTRODUCTION:

May I seize this opportunity to appreciate the department of architecture, Covenant University for the concern to bridge the world of academics with Practice, I don’t know to what extent the knowledge of climatic change has been imparted on the students of Architecture. But I am quite sure that the lecturers are very much aware of this threat to human existence called climate change. Caused by over exploitation of natural resources and other negative human activities, which may be perceived as sin in the sight of God.

Climate change is a large scale long-term shift in global or regional weather patterns apparent from the mid-20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases thereby resulting in Global warming. There is no doubt that the awareness of the effects of climate change in our world of today is fast gaining ground in Nigeria as can be noted by everyday changes in our environment, in form of unpleasant weather, flooding, draughts, higher temperature, dusty air and various other visible catastrophic experience in Nigeria in the recent times, while this situation is of major concern to the practice of architecture, there arises the need for designers to combat it through improved building design.

Response to climate change compelled the Nigeria architects in practice to engage in concerted efforts of seeking out opportunities of design to reduce the vulnerability of people to climate change impacts, in order to build a climate – resilient society that is able to withstand or recover quickly from the difficult condition caused by the adverse effects of climate change, including climate related hazards and disasters. Over the years, the trend of Nigerian designs has been on energy intensive buildings seen as universal architecture, but the recent quest for energy savings is calling seriously for change in our approach to designs.  Architects over the years have reflected on the importance of having good quality environment, hence the quest for values to influence harmonious balance between man and his environment.

The aim of this lecture is to identify how climate change has influenced the practice of Architecture in Nigeria.

Keywords: environmental degradation, sustainability, green building, mitigating measures, preservation